wp-login.php brute force

Lately my server is receiving many request for wordpress brute-force attempts. Some of them do slow us down. The server resources were just wasted for the request. So, some searches got me to this site, which provide a good mod_security config to block this attack for a short period.


This is just a snippet, if you’re wondering. The hits can come at more than 20 request at one time. These are the code, mod_security configurations. I assume you already have mod_security running.

# This has to be global, cannot exist within a directory or location clause . . .
SecAction phase:1,nolog,pass,initcol:ip=%{REMOTE_ADDR},initcol:user=%{REMOTE_ADDR}

# Setup brute force detection.
# React if block flag has been set.
SecRule user:bf_block "@gt 0" "deny,status:401,log,msg:'ip address blocked for 5 minutes, more than 15 login attempts in 3 minutes.'"
# Setup Tracking. On a successful login, a 302 redirect is performed, a 200 indicates login failed.
SecRule RESPONSE_STATUS "^302" "phase:5,t:none,nolog,pass,setvar:ip.bf_counter=0"
SecRule RESPONSE_STATUS "^200" "phase:5,chain,t:none,nolog,pass,setvar:ip.bf_counter=+1,deprecatevar:ip.bf_counter=1/180"
SecRule ip:bf_counter "@gt 15" "t:none,setvar:user.bf_block=1,expirevar:user.bf_block=300,setvar:ip.bf_counter=0"

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